Pouring, also known as pour painting, acrylic pouring or "fluid painting", is a technique that consists in creating abstract paintings by pouring acrylic paints mixed with a special medium onto a previously prepared base. Pouring medium gives the paints adequate fluidity, but does not affect the intensity of the color and does not make the paint transparent or its color less vivid. Pouring is becoming more and more popular - what attracts artists to this technique is primarily colorful, diverse compositions as well as the spontaneity and relaxing properties of pour-painting. Through controlled mixing of colors, you can get very interesting effects, thanks to which the image will be unique and one of a kind.
What do you need for the pouring technique? To start your adventure with pouring, you need to get three basic tools - paint, pouring medium and a base. You should also have plastic cups, gloves, protective foil, and a plastic or wood stirrer. Additional tools that facilitate and diversify painting by pouring are, for example, spatulas, a gas burner, and silicone oil, thanks to which you will get the effect of cells.
What paints to choose for pouring? All acrylic paints are suitable for pouring - they must be water-based (it is determined by the composition of the pouring medium). These can be paints in tubes, e.g. Phoenix, Renesans, Liquitex or Lefranc & Bourgeois. For the first experiments with the pouring technique, we recommend paints from a lower price range. Unfortunately, such paints contain less pigments than professional paints, so they have a tendency to fade over time - for professionals they may not be completely satisfactory. Wall paints can also be used for fluid painting. The best paint for pouring will be ready-to-use acrylic paints mixed with pouring medium, e.g. Pebeo Pouring Paints. Paints mixed with the pouring medium can be poured on various surfaces: wood, metal, plastic, canvas, boards, MDF boards, panel supports, glass, flat stones, as well as ceramic tiles. If you have a ready-made painting canvas, additional preparation of the base is not necessary. However, if you prepare a canvas or other surface yourself, it is worth priming them before painting.
Pouring medium is a product which, when added to acrylic paint, liquefies it, thus not taking away its opacity. It makes pouring paint on the canvas pleasant and easy. The most popular pouring medium is Liquitex Pouring Medium, but Renesans and Pentart will also work well. Instead of the typical pouring medium, you can use floetrol. Floetrol works well for diluting acrylic paints, its advantage is also its low price.
There are many ways to get interesting pouring effects. One of them is the cell effect – you will achieve it using silicone oil or any other medium that contains dimethicone (it is dimethicone that makes the cell effect visible). All you need to do is add a few drops of the preparation to the mixture of paint and medium. Other possible techniques are, for example: dutch pour, ring pour, kiss pour, flip cup, open cup, swipe, chameleon cells, dip technique, string dip tilt and balloon smash.